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Origins and Rise of the Nazi Movement in Munich

1918 | 1933

The first section of the permanent exhibition at the Munich Documentation Centre for the History of National Socialism addresses the origins of National Socialism and traces the evolution of the Nazi movement from its beginnings as a marginal phenomenon to a leading party of the masses. The special social and political conditions that made the rise of the NSDAP in Munich possible form a particular focus.

Starting at the end of the First World War, the exhibition portrays the period of the revolutionary “Räterepublik” and the subsequent counterrevolution in Munich and Bavaria. It describes the beginnings of Hitler’s political career and the founding of the NSDAP and its right-wing extremist ideology, casting a spotlight on both the nationalist (völkisch) anti-Semitic milieu and the city’s liberal and democratic forces, which stood in opposition to one another during the 1920s.  

A further focus of this section is Hitler’s failed putsch on 9 November 1923, a key event in Munich’s later role as the “Capital of the Movement”. The chapter “Munich as 'Capital of the Movement'” which among other things describes the development of the former party quarter on Königsplatz, leads into the second section “Dictatorship and Society in National Socialism 1933-1939”.

See also