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After 1945 - Dealing with the past at historical site

The 'Brown House' was almost completely destroyed in a bombing in 1945. The remains were removed in 1947 and the same year the 'Tempels of Honour' which had survived the bombing were demolished by order of the allied military government. The bases were preserved, covered in plants and gradually disappeared under the vegetation.

In the course of time a new cultural use was found for the two Party buildings: since the fifties the former 'Führer building' has housed the School of Music and Theatre, the  'Administrative building' is the seat of several cultural institutes. The significance of the area around Brienner Straße and Königsplatz as the former representative administrative centre and cult site of the National Socialist Party has been largely forgotten.
In 1946 it was not Königsplatz, but the roundabout between Brienner Straße and Maximiliansplatz which became the "Platz der Opfer des Nationalsozialismus", a square commemorating the victims of National Socialism, and thus the central memorial site of the Nazi era in Munich. It was only in 1988 that the granite slabs, one of the last remaining traces of the Nazi era, were removed from Königsplatz and it was grassed over again.

Time and again persistent Munich citizens called for an open and critical handling of Nazi history. Particularly in the nineties artists and other committed citizens reminded everyone of the historical significance of the site with temporary campaigns. In 2001/2002 the state capital Munich adopted the resolution to create a place of learning and remembrance on the site of the former NSDAP Party headquarters, to document Munich's role in National Socialism and make it visible.

With the opening of the NS-Dokumentationszentrum in May 2015 the historic site has been given a new purpose: as a house of information and discussion the centre serves to remind us of the crimes of the National Socialist dictatorship and concerns itself with its origins, manifestations and consequences to the present day.

See also

Munich and National Socialism

Our catalogue of the permanent exhibition